Offwell Woodland & Wildlife Trust

Promoting the British Countryside


About us Conservation Education Wildlife Habitats Maps Search Resources Sponsors




(Numbers are page numbers in Fitter, R. & Fitter, A. (1984) Collins Guide to the Grasses, Sedges, Rushes and Ferns of Great Britain and Northern Europe, William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd., Glasgow)

Grass Identification



(For other Monocotyledons, see separate list)

Poaceae (Gramineae)
(Grass Family)

Agrostis canina Velvet Bent    (92)
Agrostis curtisii (A. setacea) Bristle Bent      (92)
Agrostis capillaris Common Bent      (92)
Agrostis gigantea Black Bent    (92)
Agrostis stolonifera Creeping Bent    (92)
Alopecurus pratensis Meadow Foxtail   (100)
Anthoxanum odoratum Sweet Vernal Grass     (90)
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat-grass     (84)
Avena fatua Wild Oat    (84)
Brachypodium sylvaticum False Brome    (72)
Bromopsis ramosa
(syn. Bromus ramosus)
Hairy Brome    (72)
Bromus hordeaceus subsp. hordaeceus Soft Brome    (76)
Cynosurus cristatus Crested Dogstail   (62)
Dactylis glomerata Cocksfoot    (62)
Deschampsia caespitosa Tufted Hairgrass     (88)
Desmazeria rigida
(syn. Catapodium rigidum)
Fern Grass/Hard Poa     (54)
Elytrigia repens
syn. Agropyron repens)
Common Couch   (78)
Festuca gigantea Giant Fescue    (46)
Festuca rubra Red Fescue    (48)
Glyceria declinata (?) Small Sweet-grass     (68)
Glyceria fluitans Floating Sweet-grass      (68)
Holcus lanatus Yorkshire Fog    (90)
Holcus mollis Creeping Soft-grass     (90)
Lolium perenne Perennial Ryegrass     (50)
Molinia caerulea subsp. altissima Purple Moor Grass     (106)
Phalaris arundinacea Reed Canary-grass     (102)
Phleum pratense subsp. pratense Timothy    (98)
Poa annua Annual Meadow-grass     (54)
Poa trivialis Rough Meadow-grass     (56)
Sasa veitchii Dwarf Bamboo    (44)
Trisetum flavescens Yellow Oatgrass      (86)
Vulpia bromoides Squirreltail Fescue     (52)

Cyperaceae (Sedge Family)

Carex binervis Green-ribbed Sedge    (150)
Carex demissa
(syn. C. viridula subsp. brachyrhyncha)
Common Yellow Sedge    (152)
Carex echinata Star Sedge     (136)
Carex flacca Glaucous Sedge    (148)
Carex laevigata Smooth-stalked Sedge    (148)
Carex pallescens Pale Sedge    (148)
Carex paniculata Greater Tussock Sedge    (128)
Carex pendula Pendulous Sedge    (144)
Carex pilulifera Pill Sedge    (156)
Carex remota Remote Sedge    (136)
Carex sylvatica Wood Sedge    (146)
Carex pilosa (146)
Cyperus sp. (124)
Scirpus sylvaticus Wood Club-rush    (114)

Juncaceae (Rush Family)

Juncus acutiflorus Sharp-flowered Rush     (178)
Juncus articulatus Jointed Rush    (178)
Juncus bufonius Toad Rush    (172)
Juncus bulbosus (viviparous form) Bulbous Rush    (172)
Juncus conglomeratus Compact Rush    (170)
Juncus effusus Soft Rush    (170)
Juncus foliosus
(J.bufonius agg.)
Leafy Toad Rush    (172)
Juncus inflexus Hard Rush     (170)
Luzula campestris Field Wood-rush    (180)
Luzula forsteri Southern Wood-rush   (182)
Luzula multiflora ssp. congesta Heath Wood-rush    (180)
Luzula pilosa Hairy Wood-rush    (182)
Luzula sylvatica Great Wood-rush    (182)



Equisetaceae (Horsetails)

Equisetum arvense Field Horsetail 188



Hypolepidaceae (Bracken Family)

Pteridium aquilinum Bracken 192

Aspleniaceae (Spleenwort Family)

Phyllitis scolopendrium (syn. Asplenium scolopendrium) Hart`s Tongue 198

Athyriaceae (Lady Fern Family)

Athyrium felix-femina Lady Fern 204

Dryopteridaceae (Buckler Fern Family)

Polystichum setiferum Soft Shield Fern 208

Dryopteris filix-mas Male Fern 210

Dryopteris affinis Scaly Male Fern/Golden-scaled Male Fern 210

Dryopteris dilatata Broad Buckler Fern 212

Blechnaceae (Hard Fern Family)

Blechnum spicant Hard Fern 214


Polypodium interjectum Western Polypody 214


Updated 2nd July 2003

Back to species lists contents page