Heathland Project Report
Introduction Contents Summary
|In contrast, the northern sections adjacent to the
control strip (6 - 9), show clearly visible differences between them, many of which are
likely to be the result of differing management techniques.
Sections 7 and 9 are the
most clearly demarcated sections. In section 7, the initial use of Kerb granules to
control grasses has had a significant effect on the vegetation. In the other sections, the
main effect of brushcutting seems to have been the encouragement of the spread of coarse
grasses. This has not happened in section 7 (which is also brushcut). The neighbouring
sections, 6 and 8, are dominated by grasses, but in section 7, large swathes are covered
instead in sedges and low Gorse cover.
|left: Gorse seems
to be thriving where there is reduced competition from grasses.
The predominance of sedges and Gorse in section 7 is presumably a result of decreased
competition with grasses (although it may also be environmental in the case of the sedges). Clearly, the initial application of Garlon to
control the Gorse in this section has had little effect.
Section 9, in clear contrast to
all other sections, is now dominated by Heather and by Polytrichum moss, which
carpets the areas in between the Heather and other plants such as Gorse and tree
seedlings. Although this section has not been cut, the Gorse is much shorter and does not
dominate as it does in the control section. This may be a consequence of competition with
the well-established Heather in the region. So far, the only real difference in management
between this section and the control section lies in the initial use of Roundup to control
species likely to compete with the Heather. It is highly unlikely that this treatment has
produced the enormously significant difference in Heather cover observed. It is instead,
far more likely that environmental differences have been the major controlling factor in
||left: Heather plants in section 9 of the Heathland
The growth form of the Heather plants in section 9 is now that of tall, rather straggly
bushes. In contrast, in section 6, which is brushcut three times a year, the Heather forms
low extremely dense clumps where it occurs. In time, this may favour the spread of Heather
in this section because the dense compact growth form gives the Heather a significant
competitive advantage over other species competing for space.
While the different
management techniques are clearly beginning to show measurable effects on the vegetation,
the project site is still in the very early stages of heathland regeneration. It is too
soon to predict exactly what effects the management techniques will have in the long run.
Full restoration of a heathland area is likely to be a very long-term project. Changes
in climatic and environmental factors with time will all affect how fast and how far the
restoration proceeds. Over the last three years, the summers have all been very wet and
there have been no droughts to influence the vegetation on the heathland site. The
ericaceous plants (plants belonging to the family Ericaceae) typical of heathlands are all
adapted to withstand dry conditions. Hot, dry summers, introducing drought conditions on
to the site, would greatly promote these species at the expense of others, less
well-adapted. Long-term changes to the nutrient status and pH of the soil will also have
significant effects on the plant community establishing on the site.
For an article describing the heathland five years after regeneration click here.
Continue to Acknowledgements